According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 60,000-100,000 Americans die of DVT, a related pulmonary embolism (PE) or both each year. Of those, the first sign of a PE will be sudden death; an additional 10-30% of will die within one month of diagnosis.The good news is, more people are aware of the warning signs, risk factors, treatment and prevention then ever before due to widespread publication of information during Deep Vein Thrombosis awareness month every March since 2003. Here are the most essential facts of DVT:
- Description – Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) occurs when the blood in the veins of the leg thickening and forming a clot in a vein located deep inside the body (most often in the legs). As a result, the clot could block an entire vein and restrict blood flow to the leg, threatening its viability, or the clot could travel to other parts of the body and blocks the blood flow to critical organs leading to chest pain, difficulty breathing, or death.
- Risk Factors – DVT presents most often in people over 40 years of age who are immobile for four or more hours, such as an airline flight or car ride, and is most common among overweight people and heavy smokers. Women are at greater risk for DVT due to hormonal changes due to oral contraceptives, pregnancy, and hormonal therapies. Heredity, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, trauma, and heart conditions also increase the risk of developing DVT.
- Symptoms – The person may experience swelling, heat, and pain on one side of the leg while walking or standing. Cramping pain emanating from the calf, or severe pain in the foot and ankle are also common. Additionally, the skin in the affected area may be discolored. If the person begins coughing up blood, experiencing dizziness, or sudden shortness of breath, they should seek medical attention immediately. DVT may also present without any symptoms.
- Diagnosis – In order to obtain a diagnosis, you could go to a hospital, an ultrasound clinic, or consult a Board Certified Venous & Lymphatic Doctor like Dr. Stephen Rivard or Dr. Susan Kanehann at Illinois Vein Specialists who have treated more than 10,000 patients.
- Treatment – While it is possible that the clot may dissolve on its own, measures can be taken to keep the clot from growing. In severe cases, thrombolytic medications may be administered intravenously to break up clots. People who are prone to vascular problems should watch closely for symptoms.
- Prevention – Wearing compression stockings, losing weight, controlling blood pressure, and avoiding being inactive for long periods of time. Antiplatelet or anticoagulation agents may be prescribed by a healthcare provider.
If you are at risk for DVT or PE or, if you have any concern about the health of your veins – men and women alike! – contact the Illinois Vein Specialists for a consultation.
OUR PHILOSOPHY. FIND A BOARD CERTIFIED VENOUS AND LYMPHATIC DOCTOR.
At Illinois Vein Specialists, we understand that seeking proper care is just as important to you as it is for us. That is why we focus only on treating varicose and spider veins and provide the most advanced and effective treatments available today. We treat patients from Buffalo Grove, Cary, Elgin, Algonquin, Palatine, Vernon Hills, Crystal Lake, Hoffman Estates, Lake Zurich, Fox River Grove, Mundelein, Grayslake, Wauconda, Glenview, Northbrook, Chicago, and all areas of Barrington, Illinois.
We understand that when you choose a doctor you want to go to someone you know, like and trust, and honestly so do we. We know that patients come to us most often from satisfied patient referrals, but we encourage you to do your own homework and ask around. In the end no matter where you live or who you decide to have treat your varicose or spider veins find someone who focuses only on diagnosing and treating varicose and spider veins -- find a Board Certified Venous and Lymphatic Doctor.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON VARICOSE VEIN TREATMENT DOWNLOAD OUR FREE PATIENT GUIDE!
Photo Source: http://www.thrombocyte.com/dvt-deep-vein-thrombosis/