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Understanding Venous Hypertension and Varicose Veins

Understanding Venous Hypertension and Varicose Veins

Posted on August 3, 2021 by Dr. Stephen Rivard

According to a report by the American Heart Association and the National Institutes of Health, nearly half of U.S. adults have some heart or blood vessel condition. The report further details that heart and blood vessel conditions are linked to 1 of every three deaths in the U.S., killing more people than all forms of cancers and respiratory diseases combined.

Venous hypertension is one of the blood vessels disorder that, if left untreated, could lead to more health complications. We’ve rounded up some facts about venous hypertension in the subsequent sessions – from risk factors to prevention and treatment options.

Venous Hypertension

Venous hypertension is a health condition that affects the legs and arms. Veins are designed to carry blood back to the heart for oxygenation purposes. The valves in the veins prevent the backflow of blood, and when they don’t work well, blood can easily flow backward. This causes blood to collect in the veins, mainly in the feet and legs.

The backflow of blood is called chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), which in turn causes venous hypertension. The faulty or broken valves in the veins raise the pressure in the legs and lead to blood pressure in the veins, also known as “venous hypertension.”

Venous Hypertension and Varicose veins

Enlargement of blood veins causes varicose veins, also known as varicosities. Dilated veins and those overfilled with blood also cause varicose veins. Such veins appear swollen and have a dark purple or blue color and are often painful.

Signs of venous hypertension do characterize varicose veins. Venous hypertension, in most cases, leads to varicose veins. Once venous hypertension occurs, pressure in the branch veins begins to rise, increasing the pressure in the large veins. The bulging of the veins is then considered varicose veins.

Venous Hypertension Risk Factors

Like any other condition, certain factors increase the likelihood of developing venous hypertension. Here are some of the factors:

  • Blood clots or deep vein thrombosis
  • Varicose veins
  • Being obese
  • Smoking
  • Pregnancy 
  • Family history of venous hypertension
  • Standing for extended periods regularly, e.g., in a job. 

.Preventing Venous Hypertension

The key to preventing venous hypertension is improving blood circulation in your body. Below are some self-care procedures you can adopt to improve blood flow in your legs: 

  • If you regularly experience unexplained pain in your legs, elevate them above the level of your heart. You can do this by lying flat and using pillows to raise your feet.
  • Exercise regularly to boost blood circulation in the body.
  • When sitting, have your legs uncrossed.
  • Wear compression socks. This will help avail the needed pressure for blood to flow easily to the heart.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Avoid processed foods, processed sugars, and saturated fats to keep your blood pressure in check.
  • Avoid standing or sitting for a long time.

.Treatment Options

There are several treatment options for venous hypertension, and your doctor will recommend one based on your health history and the level of damage to your veins. Some of the medications that can help with venous hypertension include:

  • Diuretics – this draws excess fluids in the body and helps treat high blood pressure.
  • Trental – improves blood flow.
  • Anticoagulants that thin the blood to boost circulation. 

In advanced cases, surgery can also be an option. Surgical procedures include: 

  • Endovenous Laser therapy – this procedure closes the damaged veins using lasers.
  • Vein bypass – here, a healthy vein from another part of the body is transplanted to the affected vein.
  • Surgical repair of valves and veins.
  • Minimal invasive endoscopy- insertion of a thin tube camera to help in tying up of the affected vein.

Other procedures include;

  • Ambulatory phlebotomy, a process that involves removing small varicose veins by using tiny pricks.
  • Sclerotherapy – here, a chemical is used to prevent the damaged vein from carrying blood.
  • Catheter procedure- a small tube is used to heat and seal the damaged vein.

.Seeking Help

If you or your loved ones suffer from venous hypertension, it’s advisable to seek immediate medical attention. At Illinois Vein Specialists, we understand that ignoring vein conditions could lead to advanced health conditions. We, therefore, take the necessary steps possible to get your blood pressure and circulation on track. Get in touch with us today, and we would be happy to be of help.


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